Retrenchment, dismissals and lock-outs on the part of management and strikes on the part of the workers; It changed radically the techniques of production and had an important impact on the life of mankind. There was economic inequality between the rich and the poor.
These include the national or local government, private companies extending from multinational subsidiaries to local corner shops semi-state companies single domestic employers and co-operatives spanning both union and nonunion enterprises.
Many weak firms are eliminated during the depression period. The first indication of industrial unrest and earliest work stoppage came to the fore in on the initiative of weavers of Empress Mills, Nagpur.
This was mainly because men devoted their time to activities like hunting, fishing and making of weapons, and women engaged themselves in cooking, bringing up the children, agriculture and domestication of animals and doing other household chores.
Industrial relations scholarship also assumes that there are at least some inherent conflicts of interest between employers and employees for example, higher wages versus higher profits and thus, in contrast to scholarship in human resource management and organizational behaviourconflict is seen as a natural part of the employment relationship.
The unitarist ruler alone as the guardian of the society can determine how society is to be organized, what the goals should be and what changes are desirable. The actors, in an environment context, establish rules for the workplace and the work community, including those governing the contracts among the actors in an industrial relations system.
To ensure constructive contribution of trade unions. The workers demanded a share in them.
Public sector on the other hand, has no such essential motivation. This was an obstruction in increasing the productivity of the workers. The Bombay Industrial Dispute Act was passed in the year It does not recognize the right to property except to the extent permitted by society for its own welfare; the individual does not have any right to hold or use wealth in disregard of the interests of society; and the character of production is to be determined by social necessity rather than by personal whims or greed.
It is on that basis that a stable society can be maintained and to that extent each of the sectional groups need each other and they are therefore unavoidably interdependent.
Trade Unions main aim is to unite workers with common interests while seeking to define those interests, express them and safeguard them thorough their intereactions. Gunnigle, McMahon and Fitzgerald The industrial revolution created conditions under which workers aimed at material progress by working in the factories.
The modem industry in India owes its existence in large measure to the initiatives of Europeans. They develop their own views and ways for explaining the complex phenomenon of industrial relations. Workers can use non cooperation satyagraha to have their grievances redressed.
Use of power driven machines. The strategic importance of industrial relations extends beyond the limited frontiers of union-management relationship and overlaps the future prospects of Indian democracy on the one hand, and the basic concepts and assumptions of economic development on the other Kanaga, These developments paved the way for development of industries in India.
The pluralist theory maintains that the social system or an industrial enterprise as a sub-system of the social system is not a unitary organisation but a coalition of individuals and groups with sectional interests and distinct perception of the social structure.
As a matter of fact, the pressure exerted by the trade unions movement in the United Kingdom facilitated this legislation. For regular supply of raw materials, etc. Inappropriate introduction of automation without providing the right climate; 9.
This will ensure optimum use of resources, both human and materials, eliminating all types of wastage. Because of influence of trade unions, several employers in the U.
It cannot be divested of this motivation without ceasing to be private sector. The wages of workers, however did not keep pace with this tendency. Industrial relation is a multidisciplinary field that studies the employment relationship.
Industrial relations is increasingly being called employment relations or employee relations because of the importance of non-industrial employment relationships; this move is sometimes seen as further broadening of the human resource management trend.
Essay on Industrial Relations Framework. The Industrial relations framework emerged as a response to the Social Question or the ‘Labour Problem’ – which has been defined by some authors as the problem of improving the conditions of employment of the wage-earning classes . Industrial Relations.
Industrial relations play a crucial role in establishing and maintaining industrial democracy.
The establishment of good industrial relations depends on the constructive attitude on the part of both the management and the unions (Bhatia, ). - Industrial Relations Essay The role of the government on industrial relations is very important as it sets the legal framework that industrial relations operates in.
Appropriate industrial relations legislation should recognize the requirements of both employers and employee’s. Industrial relations is a multidisciplinary field that studies the employment relationship. Industrial relations is increasingly being called employment relations or employee relations because of the importance of non-industrial employment relationships; this move is sometimes seen as further broadening of the human.
Industrial Relations. Industrial relations play a crucial role in establishing and maintaining industrial democracy. The establishment of good industrial relations depends on the constructive attitude on the part of both the management and the unions (Bhatia, ).Industrial relations essay